Global Ecoacoustics Project
Matthew Burtner (Music)
The Global Ecoacoustics Project is a collaborative global initiative between the University of Virginia, and institutions in Australia, Colorado and Alaska. A cohort of universities and museums have joined together to imagine a year-long pilot initiative that will span the northern and southern hemispheres, and the South Pacific to the Atlantic -- a global project that brings together musicians, artists, curators and scientists through the interdisciplinary practice of ecoacoustics. Ecoacoustics arose independently in the sciences and in music, and this initiative seeks to combine and bridge disciplines in innovative ways.
A Literary History of Information Management in China
Jack Chen (Chinese Literature)
This workshop will bring together humanities scholars working on information management (the process and methods by which information is stored, structured, made retrievable, and circulated), particularly in relationship to literary history. The workshop will lay the foundations for a new collaborative volume on literary history and information management in China, examining how literary information has been organized at the level of the word, the document, and the collection, over the long span of Chinese history and through cultural forms such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, anthologies, canons, archives, and internet databases.
Political Thinking at the Margins A Global Conference April 6-7, 2017
Murad Idris (Politics), Lawrie Balfour (Politics), Sandhya Shukla (English), and Jalane Schmidt (Religious Studies)
This two-day conference brings together established and emerging scholars of colonialism, settler-colonialism, and race for a discussion of law, violence, borders, war, property, sovereignty, the global, and the humanities in different contexts around the globe. While our approach is interdisciplinary and comparative, we acknowledge challenges to Western canons and to the “comparative” turn in the humanities; and we are also mindful that comparison is a political activity that may reinforce existing distinctions between West and non-West, settler and native, white and non-white, civilized and uncivilized, and so forth. Accordingly, the conference seeks to elicit connections and understand the disconnections between bodies of thought that have, in contemporary academic formations, remained distinct.
Inspiring the Next Generation: Community-Based, Culturally-Competent Research & Care Conference
Kathleen A. McManus and Rebecca Dillingham (Infectious Diseases and International Health)
The conference will highlight how two First Nations communities in Saskatchewan, Canada developed community-based, culturally-competent research and care to address the issues of HIV, Hepatitis C, and substance use. Social determinants of health are known to have strong influence on many diseases. As the world strives to end HIV and cure Hepatitis C, we need to prepare the next generation for challenges where health and humanity intersect. The conference will emphasize the impact of health policy, politics, and stigma on the social determinants of health and health outcomes, especially as they relate to vulnerable populations.
Presidential and Electoral Politics: France and the United States in Comparative Perspective
Janet Horne (French and Politics)
At this critical point in the development of French domestic politics and the European Union, the French and Politics Departments invite Prof. Vincent Michelot (Sciences-Po, Lyon) as a Visiting Professor for the spring semester 2017, teaching one course in Comparative Politics, "France and the US: Parties and Regimes in Transition" and one course in French, “Liberté, Egalité, Fraternité, Laïcité: The Broken Political Grammar of the French Republican Contract.” Professor Michelot will also conduct a public seminar examining the French Presidential Elections of 2017.
Fire, Climate Change and Carbon Balance of the Miombo Woodlands
Hank Shugart (Environmental Sciences)
The Fulbright Visiting Scholar Program will enhance Dr. Natasha S. Ribeiro’s capacities to conduct/coordinate research and expand partnerships in the USA, notably at the University of Virginia. Following her work with us, Natasha will use the experience to improve teaching and research methods in Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo Mozambique. In particular, her work here to allow the 400-scientists Miombo Network, which she leads, bridge the gap between science and policy making in the southern Africa. This will provide myriad future contacts for exchanges and work in Southern Africa and UVA students and faculty.
Pricing Suffering: Compensation for Human Rights Violations in Colombia and Peru
Catalina Vallejo Pedraza (Sociology)
Although transitional justice (TJ) has been used to mobilize substantial financial resources with the aim of compensating victims of civil conflict, little is known about how countries come to drastically different reparation sums. In Colombia, the budget for compensation is $2.5 billion and started to be implemented during conflict, while Peru adopted compensation after conflict allocating only $7.4 million. This project investigates the following questions: 1) how do states monetarily value suffering caused by civil conflict? 2) How, if at all, does the compensation of suffering that occurs during civil conflict, as in the Colombian case, compare with compensation that occurs after civil conflict, as in the Peruvian case? This dissertation employs theories of reparation and cultural-economic sociology to examine how each country valued suffering and why they followed different paths to compensate victims. Combining newspapers, official documentation and interviews this project reconstructs the history of each compensation strategy and establishes the different forms that compensation for civil conflict can take.
Governance From Within: Collective Action and Urban Citizenship in São Paulo’s Favelas
Patricia de Toledo Basile (Architecture)
In the wake of mass urbanization and the subsequent urban inequality in the global city of São Paulo, Brazil, people residing in self-produced informal settlements (favelas) have created forms of self-governance and collective action to transform their living conditions. Favela residents have developed different modes of social and political mobilization to improve their housing and environments independent of State interventions. Through ethnographic research methods, I investigate how grassroots collective action in São Paulo’s favelas produces space and place while spurring change in the status quo and generating new forms of urban citizenship.
Island Laboratory: Tristan da Cunha and the Development of Modern Science, 1873-1983
Christopher Maternowski (History)
This dissertation traces the genesis and evolution of the idea that the Tristan da Cunha island group held the secrets to ameliorating poverty, disease, and environmental degradation on a global scale. A geographically discrete and distant space, the Tristan da Cunha island group afforded doctors and scientists an unprecedented opportunity to study the sociological, medical, and ecological consequences of poverty and isolation on humans and their environments. The research undertaken in the Tristan da Cunha island group between 1873 and 1983 yielded important insights on subjects as varied as sustainable colonial development practices, biological gigantism, gingival health, and tropical epidemiology.
Agile: Deploying Pre-Fab for the Flexible City
Chad Miller (Architecture)
The flexible city accommodates a choreography of material and people flows, comings and goings, arrival and departure. Detroit is selected as a city to study the potential of a new mode of adaptable living. In recent decades, the city has witnessed the inherent vulnerability of an advanced capitalist economy and its catastrophic effect on building stock and industries built with an underlying assumption of permanence. Hundreds of buildings are left abandoned, from the gargantuan megastructure to the single-family home. What if Detroit moved forward with radically different assumptions about settlement, assumptions of impermanence and agility? What if architecture was an agent in this process? This grant proposal will fund travel to Detroit and Ann Arbor, MI to document selected buildings through drawing and photography.
The Model Company Town: an Urban Typology of 19th century Britain
Shannon Ruhl (Architecture)
As precedents to the now abandoned coal camps of Appalachia, massive incorporated municipalities dedicated to resource extraction in India and China today, and growing tech communities in Silicon Valley; the model company town is an intersection of economic, political, social, and cultural agendas manifest through urban form. This research asks how economic enterprises operate within an urban context through the armature of ownership. A form of utopian development, the proliferation and evolution of model company towns in 19th century Britain are inherently and completely dependent upon the company’s economic success.